Research Design

Developing research design

Any academic research, be it social, management or natural sciences, must start with a definitive structure. This structure should outline the number of variables under study and their interrelations. In it’s commonest form, this is the research design.

A research design would typically include the following details:
* Variables
* Measurement
* Measurement error
* Reliability
* Validity
* Control
* Randomisation
* Confounding
* Generalisability of results

Basic Logic of research design:

The key purpose of any design is to answer some specific research question utilising already developed principles of scientific enquiry. The key steps in formulating a research design can be:

1. Forming researchable question. This question may be hypothesis or exploratory, essentially asking what is the relationship amongst variables.

2. The second step is to plan the design of investigation. This would involve choice of variables, procedures, controls and randomisation.

3. The third step which normally occurs at the same as the second step, includes selection of instruments or dependent variables.

4. The fourth step is simply its operalisation.

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